Glossary

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Abscess

a localized collection of pus, contained in a cavity

Anal Sphincter

the muscles surrounding the anus that are able to contract or close the opening/anus

Anastomosis

a union of one structure to another, usually joining one part of end of the bowel to another

Anus

the opening at the end of the rectum through which stool is eliminated from the body

Appliance

the device or pouch worn over the stoma to collect feces or urine

Blockage

obstruction; a "clogging" of the bowel

Colitis

inflammation of the colon (large bowel)

Colon

large bowel or large intestine

Colostomy

a surgically created opening bringing the colon to the surface of the skin

Continence

the ability to keep stool, gas, or urine inside the body voluntarily

Cosmesis

improved or enhanced appearance; in relation to laparoscopic surgery, a
decrease in the length of incisions and subsequent scarring

Electrolyte

a substance which conducts electricity when in solution; for dietary purposes, this includes sodium, chloride and potassium

Enterostomal
Therapy Nurse
(ET Nurse)

a registered nurse specially educated to provide physical and psychological support to patients with stomas, wounds and incontinence

Familial Polyposis
/ FAP

an inherited disease in which the colon and rectum contain a large number of polyps

Feces

bodily wastes which are discharged through the anus or stomas; stool

Fissure

painful, linear ulcer of groove a the margin of the anus

Fistula

an abnormal passage or communication, usually between 2 internal organs ( e.g. one part of a bowel to a distant part of bowel, or bowel to bladder), or between an organ and the skin surface (enterocutaneous fistula)

Ileoanal Anastomosis

joining the ileum to the anus following removal of the colon and rectum

Ileorectal Anastomosis

joining the ileum to the rectum following removal of the colon

Ileostomy

surgically created opening bringing the ileum to the surface of the skin

Impotence

an inability to achieve and sustain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse

Incontinence

the inability to control elimination of urine or feces

Koch Pouch or
Continent Ileostomy

construction of an internal abdominal pouch or reservoir with a nipple valve following removal of colon, rectum, and anus. The nipple valve serves to hold the feces inside the pouch as it fills, so that no waste matter can escape to the outside of the body between drainage

Laparoscopic

surgery performed through the use of fibre-optic instruments

Loop Colostomy

surgical opening in the colon. A loop of colon is brought through the abdominal wall to form a stoma

Mucosa

the inner lining of the digestive tract and of other organs of the body

Mucus

a lubricating substance produced by the digestive tract

Mucus Fistula

a surgically created opening from a portion of the bowel to the skin that secretes only mucus

Ostomate

person who has an ostomy

Ostomy

a surgically created opening, usually on the abdominal wall, for the drainage of body wastes. Also referred to as a stoma

Pelvic Pouch

an ileoanal reservoir or sac, created from the ileum; also referred to as Parks Pouch, "J" or "S" Pouch

Polyp

an outgrowth from the mucosa of the colon

Pouchitis

an inflammation of the reservoir or pouch (as in Pelvic Pouch or Kock Pouch)

Proctocolectomy

removal of the colon, rectum, and anus with the creation of permanent ileostomy

Rectal Cuff

the portion of the rectum, consisting of sphincter muscle, that is retained after the lining of the rectum is removed

Rectum

the structure at the end of the colon which serves as a storage space

Resection

excision or removal of a portion of an organ or structure

Reservoir

a structure that serves as a storage place

Sphincter

ring-like muscle which opens and closes voluntarily. The sphincter in the anus provides bowel control and the bladder sphincter controls urine

Stoma

an opening; also referred to as an ostomy

Stool

bodily wastes which are discharged through the anus or colostomy / ileostomy stomas. Also referred to as feces

Stricture

an abnormal narrowing of a duct or passage (i.e. bowel)

Stricturoplasty surgically opening a narrowing in the bowel without requiring resection of the narrowed portion
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